Dothan is a city located in the southeast end of Alabama, the United States. It is located about 30km east of the border with Georgia and north of the border with Florida. The population is 65,496 (Population census of 2010). The population of the metropolitan area covering three counties, particularly Houston County, which has a county office in Dosan, is 145,639, and the total population of the metropolitan area including the Ozak small urban area (Dale County) is 195,890 (all of which have population of census surveys conducted in 2010). The name of the city comes from the ancient city of Dothan described in Soseiki No. 37, Chapter 17.
City of Dothan
|Nickname: The Peanut Capital of the World|
Right: the position of Houston County in Alabama
Left: the city of Dothan in Houston County
|City||224.8 km2 (86.8 mi2)|
|land||224.3 km2 (86.6 mi2)|
|water surface||0.5 km2 (0.2 mi2)|
|Elevation||98 m (322 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||292.0 people/km2 (756.3 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|daylight saving time||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
|Official website: http://www.dothan.org/|
Dosan and the surrounding area are one of the largest production areas of peanuts in the United States, and Dosan in the center is called The Peanut Capital of the World (the world's peanut capital). Peanuts have an economic and cultural influence not only in Dosan, but also in the city there are statues of golden peanuts and the Peanut Festival is held every year.
Before the European settlement, the Alabama and Creek peoples of Native American had settled in this part of the city today. In the vast forest of giant pine trees distributed in this area, there was a grade surrounded by poplars, and among that grade, there was a large spring where the two roads that Native American used crossed. Before long, from the late 18th century to the early 19th century, when white settlers came and went back to this place, this spring was named Poplar Spring.
Until the 1860s, this spring was a small village with only nine families living around it, but in the late 1870s, lumber and Turpentine oil were produced and population and farmland increased. Before long, when he was about to bid for the first post office in the village, he found that there was another town in the province called Poplar Spring, and the village was renamed Dothan, the ancient city of Dotan in the Bible, after which it was renamed Dosan. Dosan was officially incorporated as a town on November 10, 1885. Four years later, in 1889, when the railroad from Montgomery, the provincial capital, opened, Dosan transformed into the commercial center of the area. When Houston County was established in 1903, Dosan established the county office of Houston County.
Throughout the 20th century, Dosan grew as a regional transportation center and an agricultural city, but the crops at the center were changed. Until the beginning of the twentieth century, the main crop in Dosan was cotton and wood. However, in the 1920s and 1930s, when it was discovered that the soil in the area was suitable for growing peanuts, Dosan later established the position of a major growing area of peanuts. Soon in 1938, Dosan began to call himself the "World's Peanut City."
26 seconds west longitude. The border with Florida and with Georgia is about 30km. From Montgomery, the capital of Florida, it is approximately 160km southeast, from Tarajashi, the capital of Florida, it is approximately 140km northwest, and from Columbus, Georgia, it is approximately 160km southwest. The height of the city is 98 meters.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Dosan City has a total area of 224.8km2 (86.8mi2). Of them, 224.3km2 (86.6mi2) is land and 0.5km2 (0.2mi2) is the water area. The water area accounts for 0.23% of the total area. Most of the city lies within Houston County, some in Dale and Henry County, to the north. Houston County and Henry County belong to the Dosan metropolitan area, but Dale County belongs to the Ozark metropolitan area, so there is also the Dosan urban area outside the Dosan urban area. The Dosan Ozark metropolitan area extends over four counties, including these three counties.
The climate of Dosan belongs to the warm wet climate (Cfa), which is distributed widely on the east coast and south of the United States in the Keppen Region, but in reality, it is a subtropical climate characterized by hot and humid summer and warm winter. The hottest July average temperature is 27°C, the highest average is 33°C, and most days during the day exceed 30°C. The coldest January average temperature is 10°C, the average minimum temperature is 6°C, and the minimum temperature sometimes falls below freezing. Although the amount of rainfall decreases slightly in autumn, it is on average throughout the year and is about 110-150mm per month and 1,320mm per year. Snow in winter is very rare.
|Mean Temperature (°C)||10.4||11.9||15.2||19.6||23.7||26.7||27.4||27.3||24.9||20.0||14.2||10.7||19.3|
Dosan is a city manager. The City Manager is the chief executive officer of the city's administrative affairs, and has the highest authority and responsibility for the city's administrative affairs, such as implementing policies adopted by the city council, planning, managing and supervising the operations of the city's bureaus, planning, directing and ordering of the directors, investigating complaints about the city's administrative affairs and services, preparing the budget and financial reports, and purchasing. The City Manager is appointed by the City Council with the approval of a majority of the members.
The mayor serves as a representative of the city in a ceremonial event, serves as the chairman of the city assembly, and has the same authority as a city councilor in voting. The mayor is elected by a vote from all the cities, with a term of four years.
The City Council, a city legislative body, will adopt city policies and ordinances, approve the budget, and appoint and dismiss City Managers. Six members of the City Assembly and one member from each of the six-member constituencies are selected. The city councilors' term of office is four years and half of them are elected every two years.
The main industry in Dosan and its surrounding areas is agriculture. The most common local produce is peanuts, and Dosan is called the "world's peanut capital." About half of the U.S.-produced peanuts are produced within 100 miles (160 km) from Dosan. The plantings of peanuts are limited to one county in Houston County, which accounts for about 20% of the total area of Alabama Province and about 55% of the total area in the five counties of Dosan Enterprise Ozak. Dosan has the headquarters of the Peanut Growers Association of Alabama. In front of Dosan's visitor center, there is a statue of golden peanuts. In November every year, an event called the National Peanuts Festival is also held in Dosan.
IATA: DHN) is located in Dale County, about nine kilometers northwest of the city center. More than half of the airport's military planes arrive at and depart from Atlanta, and only four regular passenger service from Delta Air Lines Inc. arrive at and depart from Atlanta every day.
Although there is no interstate expressway through Dosan, three national routes—Route 84, Route 231, and Route 431—cross each other (Route 231 and Route 431 are both branches of Route 31). These three national routes form an annular road surrounding the urban area of Dosan.
Dosan has no Amtrak station, but Greyhound's bus terminal is downtown, where the bus that connects Montgomery and Talahsey stops.
The University of Troy has one of four campuses in Dosan. The university is a state university, which has its headquarters in Troy, about 90km northwest of Dosan, and is positioned as a campus that closely links with the community and provides lifelong learning.
The K-12 course in Dosan is mainly covered by public schools under the jurisdiction of the Dosan City School District. The school district has 12 elementary schools, four junior high schools and three high schools.
The Wire Glass Art Museum, located in downtown Tokyo, was originally a renovated water and power plant built between 1912 and 13, and was opened as an art museum in 1988. The museum's collections range from works of local artists and modern and contemporary works of art to folk crafts, sculptures and photographs. The museum also has art classes.
One block west of the Wire Glass Museum is equipped with a multipurpose arena with 3,100 seats, and the Dosan Civic Center, which is used for events such as concerts and sports, is located there. Located east of the Civic Center, the Dawsan Opera House is a Victorian theater built in 1915, and is used for concerts, chorus, dancing, and business seminars. The theater was designated as a National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
The population of each of the counties that form the metropolitan area and the metropolitan area of Dosan is as follows (National Census of 2010).
- Doussaint metropolitan area
- Dosan Ozak metropolitan area
|Metropolitan/Small Metropolitan Area||county||State||population|
|Doussaint metropolitan area||145,639|
|Ozark metro||Dale County||Alabama||50,251|
urban population transition
Below is a graph and a table showing the population transition from 1890 to 2010 in Dosan City.
Dosan has a sister-city relationship with the following two cities.
- Arafella (Costa Rica)
- Sakado City (Japan, Saitama Prefecture)
- ^ a b c American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. February 4, 2011.
- ^ Room, Adrian. Placenames of the World: Origins And Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features And Historic Sites. p.113. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. 2006 ISBN 9780786422487.
- ^ a b Kirkland, Scotty E. Dothan. Encyclopedia of Alabama. Alabama Humanities Foundation. July 13, 2012.
- ^ a b Historical weather for Dothan - Airport, Alabama, United States of America. Weatherbase.com.
- ^ "City Manager". Part I. Article V. Code of Ordinances. City of Dothan. January 15, 2013.
- ^ "Mayor". Part I. Article IV. Code of Ordinances.
- ^ "Commission". Part I. Article III. Code of Ordinances.
- ^ Community Slogans by Agriculture. ePodunk.
Besides Dosan, Ashburn and Breakley in the southwestern part of Georgia also call themselves Peanut Capital of the World.
- ^ Peanuts. Alabama Farmers Federation.
- ^ Alabama Peanut Acreage by County: 2006-2010. Alabama Peanut Producers Association.
- ^ About Us. Alabama Peanut Producers Association.
- ^ Dothan, Alabama: Large Gold Peanut. RoadsideAmerica.com.
- ^ National Peanut Festival.
- ^ Dothan Rgn'l. (Form 5010) Airport Master Record. Federal Aviation Administration. May 2, 2013.
- ^ Arrivals & Departures. Dothan Regional Airport.
- ^ Welcome to Dothan Campus. Troy University.
- ^ Schools. Dothan City Schools.
- ^ History. Wireglass Museum of Art.
- ^ Collection. Wireglass Museum of Art.
- ^ Youth Classes. Wireglass Museum of Art.
- ^ Civic Center. City of Dothan.
- ^ Opera House. City of Dothan.
- ^ Dothan Opera House. National Register of Historic Places Inventory — Nomination Form. National Park Service. December 16, 1977.
- ^ a sister city Sakado.
- City of Dothan - Official City Site
- Dothan Area Convention and Visitors Bureau
- Historic photos
- Alabama Peanut Producers Association
- Dothan, Alabama - City-Data.com
- Dothan, AL - Yahoo!Map Map